Each of the three ingredients of Thorne's S.A.T. supports good liver health. Silymarin (milk thistle) contains important antioxidant constituents that protect liver cells from free radical damage, strengthen liver cell membranes, and help maintain the liver's own built-in antioxidant system. Artichoke (Cynara scolymus) has a long history of use for hepatic support. Turmeric has been used traditionally in both Chinese and Ayurvedic systems of medicine to support liver function. The primary efficacious agent in turmeric is curcumin. S.A.T. offers both silymarin and curcumin complexed to phospholipid compounds (as Siliphos® and Meriva®, respectively) to optimize their absorbability and hepatoprotective effects.